The Randolph College Natural History and Archaeology Collections Project, which dates to 1895, contains hundreds of zoological specimens including birds, mammals, fishes, reptiles, insects, marine invertebrates, and fossils. The Collections also boast an excellent herbarium containing thousands of specimens of plants indigenous or introduced to the eastern United States, specifically Central Virginia. A final feature is the large geology collection, featuring thousands of rock and mineral samples from around the world.m
In 2013, the avian and mammalian collections were comprehensively cataloged. Efforts to include the other specimen collections in the catalog are ongoing.